What affects the price of gold: the main factors

Gold is a rare metal that has a high value not only for collectors and jewelry lovers, but also for investors. It occupies a unique and significant place, having historically established itself as one of the most reliable and valuable assets. For centuries, this noble metal has symbolized wealth and stability, and in today’s economy, it continues to play a key role in helping investors preserve capital and protect themselves from inflation, currency fluctuations and economic instability.

In this article, we will explore the importance of gold in an investment portfolio and examine the factors that influence its price. We will also discuss how gold can be used to diversify assets and how it interacts with other investment instruments in a changing global economic environment. Understanding these aspects will help you better understand why gold is often considered a “safe haven” in times of financial storms and how it can contribute to investment stability and growth.

Factors affecting the price of gold

The price of gold, like any financial instrument, depends on supply and demand. Gold is in demand in a variety of industries, from medicine and manufacturing to jewelry and investments. However, its supply is dwindling, as the main deposits are located in inaccessible layers of the earth. Let’s take a closer look at how these factors are reflected in gold quotations.


The demand for gold is growing year by year. This metal is actively used in industrial processes due to its unique properties – conductivity, corrosion resistance and chemical inertness. It is valued in electronics, dentistry, aerospace and many other fields.

Industrial demand for gold is relatively stable and varies depending on technological innovations and global economic growth, having a noticeable impact on its value only in periods of severe crises.

The jewelry sector has traditionally been the largest consumer of gold. Jewelry is valued for its softness, luster, beauty and durability. In many cultures, gold pieces serve not only as jewelry but also as a form of savings.

Investment demand has the greatest impact on the price of gold as large financial institutions, central banks, foundations and private investors invest in it. Investments in gold are made through bars, coins, metal deposits, core ETFs (exchange traded funds) and shares in gold mining companies. Demand for gold is driven by a variety of factors, including monetary policy of leading countries, changes in exchange rates, geopolitical tensions and global economic trends.


Modern gold mining is the main source of gold supply. It depends on geologic exploration, the availability of deposits, and innovation and efficiency in the mining industry. While modern technology allows the metal to be mined quickly and in an environmentally friendly manner, the amount of metal in easily accessible deposits is declining, which affects supply.

Existing stockpiles that can be melted down and put back into circulation are often utilized. This is gold held by central banks, as well as private reserves in the form of jewelry and bullion. Central banks of many countries use the metal as part of their foreign exchange reserves, purchases or sales of which can significantly affect the availability and price of the resource.

Other factors affecting the supply of gold:

  • Changes in the global economy.
  • The political situation in mining countries.
  • Technological innovations in mining.
  • Environmental regulations and legislation in the mining industry.

Understanding these factors is important for investors, analysts and market participants to evaluate the current and future gold price.

Additional factors affecting the gold price

The price of gold is shaped by a variety of factors. Attentive investors monitor their dynamics in order to react to changes in value in time. Let’s consider other key factors that can affect the price of gold.

Currency rates

Gold and the forex market are interconnected through gold reserves and monetary policy. Precious metals are traditionally traded in US dollars, so changes in the value of the USD directly affect the price of gold. A stronger USD reduces demand for gold, which pressures gold prices.


Rising prices of goods and services are reflected in the price of gold. It is often seen as a hedge against inflation. During periods of reduced purchasing power, investors transfer funds into gold, supporting its price.

Geopolitical factors

Wars, terrorist attacks, international conflicts and sanctions lead to increased demand for gold as a safe haven. These events can also make it more difficult to mine and transport the metal, which contributes to higher prices.

Interest rates

Interest rates, especially in major economies, strongly influence precious metal prices. When interest rates are low, gold becomes a more attractive investment. When they rise, investors may abandon gold in favor of higher yielding assets.

Economic crises

In times of financial crises, investors turn to gold as a reliable means of capital preservation. At such times, demand for gold increases, driving up its price.

How gold strengthens an investment portfolio

Gold is often used to strengthen an investment portfolio for the following reasons:

  • Risk diversification: Gold has a low or negative correlation with other assets, which helps reduce the overall risk of the portfolio.
  • Inflation protection: During periods of rising general price levels and currency depreciation, gold retains its value.
  • Liquidity: Gold is one of the most liquid assets and can be easily sold at market price.


To successfully invest in gold, it is important to consider the many factors that influence its price – political, economic and stock exchange factors. Successful entry points can be determined by a fundamental assessment of the global situation. By including gold in their portfolios, investors can reduce their overall investment risk and improve long-term performance, especially in times of market volatility and economic instability.

If you are ready to start investing in gold, it can be done online with an international broker. Open a trading account and become an investor today.